An ECG not only assists the doctor in determining whether the patient has arrhythmias, myocardial ischemia and other diseases, but also observes whether there are structural changes in the heart. So, in which cases do you need an ECG? Who should have an EKG?
I. Why ECG as one of the medical examination items?
ECG has a high diagnostic significance for arrhythmia and heart electrical conduction disorders, and also has an irreplaceable diagnostic value for viral myocarditis, coronary ischemia and pericardial inflammation, electrolyte disorders, drug effects, etc. It can not only determine the presence of myocardial infarction, but also the extent of myocardial infarction and the evolution process.
ECG is mainly used to diagnose arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia and other problems by recording the normal electrical activity of the heart. ECG can accurately capture signals when arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation and other heart diseases occur, providing reliable data for disease judgment and treatment. Therefore ECG is needed as a medical check-up, especially for those who suspect heart problems.
II. When is an ECG needed?
1. Routine examination
2. Ward treatment
3. Pre-operative testing
4. Intraoperative monitoring
5. Postoperative review
III. Who should do electrocardiogram examination?
1. People over 40 years old, with age, the function of various organs in the body will gradually decline, including the heart, regular ECG examination after entering 40 years old can understand the situation of the heart.
2. cardiovascular disease patients or high-risk groups (advanced age, family history, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, diabetes, etc.) need state assessment, monitoring and screening.
3. the presence of improper habits, such as frequent smoking and drinking, staying up late, frequent smoking and drinking will narrow the blood vessels, blood flow is impeded, the heart is prone to problems due to ischemia and hypoxia. Often stay up late will put the heart in overload, the heart can not get enough rest, myocardial oxygen consumption increases, the heart is prone to problems, need to do a checkup to understand the situation.
4. often fever infected people, congenital heart disease will lead to lung blood vessels are often in a state of congestion, lung tissue edema, resistance to decline easily triggered lung infection, resulting in colds and cough fever. Repeated occurrence of these symptoms should be alert to congenital heart disease, need to do electrocardiogram examination.
5. For general patients, blood pressure, ECG performance, etc. can quickly assess the patient's current approximate circulatory status.
6. Patients with abnormal performance of cardiac investigations.
7. Patients with clinical manifestations related to cardiovascular disease (chest pain, brain stuffiness, palpitations, shortness of breath, dyspnea, dizziness, headache, edema, etc.).
8. Patients who have been taking drugs with arrhythmogenic side effects for a long time.
9. Patients with arrhythmias whose nature or potential risk is not completely clear, but which have been detected by routine examination.